TOMPKINS COUNTY FLORA
Sambucus racemosaL.
Mitchell NYNYFA TCUSDA NY
accepted accepted accepted
European Red Elderberry, Red Elderberry

Adoxaceae

Bolli (1994) lumped S. canadensis under the european S. nigra, and his treatment has been followed by both NYFA and USDA PLANTS. However, we find the morphological characterization of these taxa by Bolli to be less precise and less detailed than previous treatments (e.g., Gleason & Cronquist), and his treatment of S. canadensis as a synonym of S. nigra is unconvincing. At least some morphological features seem to separate the two taxa: S. canadensis has setulose hairs along the midvein on the lower leaf surface, and these are lacking in S. nigra sensu stricto. Perhaps more importantly, recent molecular analyses (Eriksson & Donoghue, 1997) do not place S. canadensis and S. nigra as sister taxa, so combining them under a single species would require lumping additional species into S. nigra in order to avoid a polyphyletic S. nigra. Clearly, further work is needed to resolve these issues.
CAYUGA FLORA (1926) NOTES: Thickets, in rocky, stony, or gravelly, mostly neutral or acid, soils ; frequent. May. Hilltops of Spencer, Danby, and Caroline ; South Hill ; Cascadilla Glen ; "Observation Hill," McLean; Shurger Glen; rare in the northern and eastern parts of the basin. Newf. to B. C. or Alaska, southw. to Pa., Iowa, Colo., and Calif., and in the mts. to Ga.


BH SPECIMENS FOR Sambucus racemosa (this list may be incomplete)
 Ithaca, Six Mile Creek, pith red, 13 May 1923, Bailey (BH 14874);
 Ithaca, berries red, 16 Jun 1918, Bailey (BH 14878);
 Ithaca, 7 May 1918, Bailey (BH 14877);
 Ithaca, Cornell University, 12 Jul 1926, Burnham 16750 (BH 14891);
 Danby Township, 3.75 miles north of West Danby, ravine slope, hairy, petals white, lowest pedicels of small inflorescence 5 mm long, 22 Apr 1945, Clausen 6541 (BH 14882);
 Danby Township, 3.75 miles north of West Danby, ravine slope, smooth, petals white, 22 Apr 1945, Clausen 6540 (BH 14883);
 Danby Township, 3.75 miles north of West Danby, along Lick Brook, brookside, shrub to 2 meters, petals white, 22 Apr 1945, Clausen 6544 (BH 14884);
 Ithaca, Cascadilla, 25 May 1882, DeForest (BH 14896);
 West Danby Township, roadside thickets, flowers white, 8 May 1955, DeWolf 1477 (BH 14876);
 Ithaca, Fall Creek, thickets, 14 May 1872, Dudley (BH 14888);
 Ithaca, Fall Creek Ravine, south side of gorge, damp rocky woods, 10 May 1913, Eames 1161 (BH 14880);
 Ithaca, Cascadilla ravine, below Girls' Playground, rocky bank, 13 May 1915, Eames 5050 (BH 14894);
 Ithaca, Forest Home, field, 25 Jun 1915, Eames 5053 (BH 14890);
 Ithaca, Fall Creek Ravine, Forest Home Road, damp thicket, 7 Jul 1915, Eames 5051 (BH 14889);
 Ithaca, Cornell University, north of Warren Hall, wooded slope, deciduous shrub 2 meters high, fruit coral-red, 13 Jul 1948, Lawrence & Dress 542 (BH 14887);
 Lansing, crest of Shurger Glen, rocky crest, 15 May 1916, MacDaniels & Wiegand 7206 (BH 14897);
 Ithaca, Cornell University, Agr. Economics Building, north bank, bank, 4 May 1942, Meile & Wilkinson 384 (BH 14881);
 Ithaca, slope 1/4 mile north of Lick brook, wooded slope, 5 May 1915, Metcalf 5052 (BH 14893);
 Dryden, north of Slaterville, Wild Flower Preserve, 30 May 1926, Muenscher 16749 (BH 14895);
 Ithaca, along Six Mile Creek, 17 May 1920, Muenscher & Bechtel 370 (BH 14879);
 Groton, west of village, 18 May 1891, Rhodes (BH 14875);
 Ithaca, above Remington Salt Works, rich wooded slope, 12 May 1914, Wiegand 3217 (BH 14892);

SPECIMENS OF Sambucus racemosa subsp. pubens
 Ithaca, Cornell University Campus, Fall Creek Ravine, along road south side Beebe Lake, moist bank, 13 May 1915, Eames 5051 (BH 14886);
 Ithaca, Cascadilla Ravine, rocky wood, 17 Jun 1914, Palmer 1160 (BH 14885);

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